You have written a research paper, an original paper in your area of specialization, without a literature review. A good literature review is not limited to dissertations, books and journal articles, but may include web pages, film and video, maps if applicableUnited States and international government documents, photographs, book reviews, and materials in many other formats and categories.
Methodology -- were the techniques used to identify, gather, and analyze the data appropriate to addressing the research problem? Structure and Writing Style I.
The University of Southern California: Your interpretation of the available sources must be backed up with evidence [citations] that demonstrates that what you are saying is valid.
How are they organizing their ideas? It will not include materials on the history of women's rights or feminism in the United States in general, unless those materials have strong relevance to Sanger's work.
An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review, Division of works under review into themes or categories [e.
By providing one, usually offered in your introduction before you reach your thesis statement, you are telling your reader that you have not neglected the basics of research.
What are the strengths and limitations? Indeed, the best literature reviews will be based on good, comprehensive annotated bibliographies; and many UA departments require that literature reviews written for departmental approval of research be accompanied by an annotated bibliography.
Provenance -- what are the author's credentials? Typically it focuses on a very specific empirical question, often posed in a cause-and-effect form, such as "To what extent does A contribute to B?
Ask yourself questions like these about each book or article you include: Literature includes journal articles, conference proceedings, technical reports, and books. In the anatomy of a scholarly research article example, the literature review is a part of the introduction. Do I follow through a set of concepts and questions, comparing items to each other in the ways they deal with them?
Perhaps you are using a new or different research method which has not been available before, allowing you to collect the data more accurately or conduct an experiment that is more precise and exact thanks to many innovations of modern technology.
It may help you and your advisor if you organize your writing into sections, each with a theme. It focuses on those resources and materials that are directly relevant to the addressing of your topic, and as such, is highly selective.
An argumentative review is written to present an opposing view to a given position. However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body.
In material written for a popular readership, does the author use appeals to emotion, one-sided examples, or rhetorically-charged language and tone? Rather, it's narrowly focused to concentrate only on truly relevant materials.
The University of Southern California: It may help you and your advisor if you organize your writing into sections, each with a theme.
You have written a research paper, an original paper in your area of specialization, without a literature review. How have they used non-textual elements [e.
Have any pathways been suggested? Reviewing methods of analysis provides a framework of understanding at different levels [i. Types of Literature Reviews It is important to think of knowledge in a given field as consisting of three layers.
Consider Whether Your Sources are Current Some disciplines require that you use information that is as current as possible.
Literature search -- finding materials relevant to the subject being explored. In short, you could have utilized the time, money, and other resources you have wasted on your research on something else.
If you begin to see the same researchers cited again and again, then this is often an indication that no new ideas have been generated to address the research problem. It is basic homework that is assumed to have been done vigilantly, and a given fact in all research papers. Does it forge a new path?
Read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or to identify ways to organize your final review. What types of publications am I using e.Aug 02, · The literature review will help you compare and contrast what you are doing in the historical context of the research as well as how your research is different or original from what others have done, helping you rationalize why you need to do this particular research (See Reference 2).Reviews: A literature review can be a precursor to the introduction of a research paper, or it can be an entire paper in itself, acting as the first stage of large research projects and allowing the supervisor to ascertain that the student is on the correct path.
Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review.
Literature reviews are one of the most critical elements of any lengthy piece of social research as it forms the backbone of the wider theoretical base of any topic. In terms of the process of writing any longer study, the literature review is essential for grounding the topic and seeing, through the work of others, what issues related to the potential topic are most worth exploring and where.
A literature review is a prose document similar to a journal article or essay, not a list of citations and descriptions. Here at the University of Arizona, the literature review is generally presented to one's dissertation advisor/sponsor, and occasionally to the dissertation committee, as a precondition to departmental approval of one's research.
A literature review can also be a short introductory section of a research article, report or policy paper that focuses on recent research.
In the anatomy of a scholarly research article example, the literature review is a part of the introduction.Download