A New Paradigm for Psychological Science. In other, similar research, Emma Boyland has also shown that children that watch more than three hours of television each day are more susceptible to the effects of advertising and are more likely to suffer from obesity.
A brief, but very valuable overview over the theoretical background of Evolutionary Psychology.
Namely, women earn less money than men do, they tend to have jobs with less power and autonomy, and women are more responsive to problems of people in their social networks.
Given this perspective, it is clear that humans evolved in an environment that encouraged the maximisation of stored energy. According to the second argument, a domain general decision rule such as "Do that which maximizes your inclusive fitness" cannot efficiently guide behavior because whether or not a behavior is fitness enhancing is something an individual often cannot find out within its own lifetime, given that the fitness impact of a design feature relative to alternative designs "is inherently unobservable at the time the design alternative actually impacts the world, and therefore cannot function as a cue for a decision rule" Tooby and Cosmides b, The hypotheses Evolutionary Psychologists derive from their computational theory thus allow them "to devise experiments that make possible the detection and mapping of mechanisms that no one would otherwise have thought to test for in the absence of such theories" Sell et al.
Finally there is the evolutionary approach which suggests that all our behaviours are adaptive, which means that the reason we do certain things is to help us survive in a certain way; according to this theory AN is a behaviour which helps them survive.
In recent years some of this advertising has been banned, however, it does highlight the power of SLT in determining what we eat. The Status of Memetics as a Science.
They argued that the content effect found in Wason Selection Tasks is due to the fact that some tasks involve a social contract rule.
The Modularity of Mind Early attempts at simulating human intelligence revealed that artificial cognitive systems that are not already equipped with a fair amount of "innate knowledge" about a particular problem domain are unable to solve even the easiest problems see, for example, the idea of "scripts" in Schank and Abelson Again it could be argued that this is of survival value.
With a little thought and imagination you should be able to predict these in advance.
Other Referenced Works Blackmore, Susan However, since functional analysis itself relies on hypotheses about the adaptive problems prevalent in our ancestors' past, the obvious question is: Note that this study would not prove that violent TV causes aggression in children: Anand and Brobeck conducted an experiment involving the rats, they found that if the LH was damaged it could lead to aphagia this is a failure to eat when hungrythis provides support for the idea that damage to the hypothalamus can lead to reduced eating which is support for the biological approach of AN.
First, however, this holds only for research that conforms to Cosmides and Tooby's theoretical model arguably, Cosmides and Tooby's work on cheater detection, Buss' work on sex differences with regard to jealousy, and Silverman and Eals' work on differences in spatial abilities belong to this category.
Finally there is the evolutionary approach which suggests that all our behaviours are adaptive, which means that the reason we do certain things is to help us survive in a certain way; according to this theory AN is a behaviour which helps them survive.Discuss one or more biological explanations of eating disorders example essay 1.
Discuss one or more biological explanations of eating disorders (8 marks + 16 marks)The biological approach would suggest that anorexia nervosa (AN) has a physical cause, anirregularity arising from the body or the brain, such as hypothalamus.
Students will be expected to: demonstrate knowledge and understanding of psychological concepts, theories, research studies, research methods and ethical.
A listing of psychological research being conducted online. Table of Contents Cognition Consumer Psychology Cyber Psychology Developmental.
Hans Selye  first popularized the concept of “stress” in the s.
Selye theorized that all individuals respond to all types of threatening situations in the same manner, and he called this the General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS). He claimed that, in addition to SNS arousal, other bodily systems such as the adrenal cortex and pituitary gland may be involved in a response to threat.
Course Summary Psychology Intro to Psychology has been evaluated and recommended for 3 semester hours and may be transferred to over 2, colleges and universities. Psychology Essay The biological approach suggests that AN is due a physical cause, suggesting it could be due to something within the body or brain; such as hypothalamus dysfunction or an imbalance of neurotransmitters.Download