Before sending the manuscript to internal, and external referees, we should contact with them, and ask them if they have time to review our manuscript. Academic writing, discussion section, writing a manuscript Introduction Sharing knowledge produced during academic life is achieved through writing manuscripts.
Bibliography Definition The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or insights about the problem after you've taken the findings into consideration.
Conducting Educational Research Step A template for writing a scientific paper. Summarize the main findings in relation to the published literature. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings It is important to remember that the purpose of research in the social sciences is to discover and not to prove.
This effect might have masked differences in performance between the Pictorial and Numeral conditions, particularly in the high ability and second grade samples. However, keep in mind that too much use of the first person can actually distract the reader from the main points [i.
Further study is needed to determine if a combination of droperidol and ondansetron would decrease PONV more effectively than either agent used alone.
The four instructional strategies previously mentioned - songs, rhymes, and word play; storytelling; circle time; and dramatic play Roskos et al.
The study limitations are not discussed One of the most frequently neglected aspects of a discussion is the mention of the study limitations. Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings.
What practical steps can educators take to implement the key findings of the research study? How may the participants and sampling techniques not be representative of the target population? In an empirical research study, the conclusions and recommendations must be directly related to the data that was collected and analyzed.
Conclusion The final section of the paper is the Conclusion section. Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. Should you need to remind the reader of a finding to be discussed, use "bridge sentences" that relate the result to the interpretation.
This study found that Nigerian teachers have a mix of beliefs regarding early literacy development, some accurate beliefs and other inaccurate beliefs. Everybody in Nigeria knows that schools need more materials and teachers need higher salaries Draw conclusions and make recommendations that are meaningful, unique, and relate to the results of the study.
Tables and graphs both carry a necessary part of the message- use both Do the numbers add up? The length of the discussion should fit with the type of article and maximum word count permitted for the journal.
The information presented is specific. Failure to look at a crucial time interval? For example, teachers should instruct their students on how to set goals for their educationlearning as well as instruction on specific study practices such as effectively reading textbooks and studying notes for the exam.
However, learning how to read is a difficult endeavor that requires competent instructors. Briefly summarize the overall conclusion of the data analysis based on the purpose of the study.
Provide 1 to 2 sentences summarizing the main findings of the study. While the inclusion of few patients prohibits the extrapolation of our findings to the general population, disease X is extremely rare, and this study presents data from the largest number of subjects to date.
The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference between ondansetron and droperidol in preventing PONV. A sample Limitations section is given below.
Exposing the limitations of the study creates potential avenues of future work. This study found that there is considerable variation in thestudents' judgments of acceptability of ethical study practices, providing evidence that university students are not certain about the right way to study.
As Murdock and Anderman note, students who are confident in their abilities engage in less cheating behaviors. If they do not, explain why not, or you may leave it unresolved "We cannot account for the difference seen in When editing a manuscript, the section that is typically the most problematic is the discussion.
When a discussion is too long, the reader often loses sight of the main message of the study.The second to last step in conducting a research study is to interpret the findings in the Discussion section, draw conclusions, and make recommendations. A paper can only make valid conclusions and recommendations on those variables that the study has empirical data to support.
However, the discussion should not be an in-depth review of the literature, but rather a discussion of the findings as they relate to published studies. A good rule of thumb is to aim for approximately words. Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections.
Think about the overall narrative flow of your paper. Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper. There are elements of the discussion that should be included and other things that should be avoided.
Always write the discussion for the reader; remember that the focus should be to help the How to Write an Effective Discussion.
In this critical part of the research paper, you start the process of explaining any links and correlations apparent in your data. If you left few interesting leads and open questions in the results section, the discussion is simply a matter of building upon those and expanding them.
Discussion is one of the hardest section in research paper or thesis.
It needs experience, learning and practice. It is not a way to restate your results.Download