The peasantry Commercialization of agriculture essay for cultivation of commercial crops under duress. Thirdly, another event that sparked off the process of commercialisation in agriculture was the American Civil War This led to an all-round enhancement of revenue rates just at time when the failure of rains was frequent.
This becomes ample from the fact that ill India had a surplus of foodstuffs to the extent of five million tons and by it had a deficit of 10 million tons. Oxford University Press, The commercialization of Indian agriculture started post when the industrial revolution in England gained pace.
The commercial crops were more profitable and this economic incentive led them to produce for sale and export, thus making it possible for them to increase per capita income. The laying of railway lines and expansion of rail and road transport enabled the transportation of agricultural products from production centers to markets.
Thus, commercialization of agriculture in pre-British period existed only in its embryonic form. But the commercial revolution in agriculture of the 19th century has disproved this standard notion.
In the past, village population had developed the habit of storing food-grains so as to be able to meet the shortage of lean years. The abolishment reduced the availability of cheap labor within the country. To meet their monetary liabilities farmers realised the importance of commercial crops rather than food crops.
Most of the plantations for commercial crops were controlled by the English. The process of Commercialisation was further helped by the availability of new irrigation facilities which made it necessary for the cultivator to grow the more paying but specialised crops like sugar-cane if he was to be able to pay the water rate.
However, capitalization in the 21 st century is said to create similar impact as colonial times, the only difference being that the later one was forced through oppressive policies, whereas the former would be market driven. In addition, the commercial Revolution strengthened the trends which the new land systems had set in motion.
Secondly, the effect of monetization could not go far until internal means of transport were improved. Taxes were jacked up and deficit financing by printing money was resorted to and money supply is estimated to have raised five folds in the four years from Even in pre-British days, the money-lender used to extend credit to meet occasional needs of the villagers but he occupied a subordinate position.
He had to pay the land revenue due to the British government in time. Thus, the commercialization of agriculture in India by the British was also one of the important causes of the impoverishment of the Indian people.
It led to land alienation and increase in the number of agricultural labourers whose conditions especially in plantation industry was pathetic. The commercialization of Indian agriculture also partly benefited Indian traders and money lenders who made huge fortunes by working as middlemen for the British.
The colonial commerce brought industrial revolution there. Till the end of the first half of the 19th century, the Indian village was essentially self-sufficient. Even then, market for cash crops was on top.
Whenever prices of certain crops rose, farmers switched over for cultivation from low-priced to high- priced crops. Rather, it varied from crop to crop. This found expression in the famous Indigo revolt in The effect of this development on the overall food situation of the country was a tragic one.
India specialized, in agricultural exports. The irrigated areas in Deccan took to the cultivation sugar-cane; cotton growing became localised in Berar, Jute in Bengal and wheat in the canal colonies of the Punjab.
This was, however, not the whole problem. Many disappeared but more declined. As a result there was a war boom and profit inflation. It was the social organisation but not entrepreneurial role of the peasants that determined the marketed surplus.COMMERCIALIZATION OF AGRICULTURE.
Name: Institution: Instructor: COMMERCIALIZATION OF AGRICULTURE After the Civil War, there was a social and political agitation to address the issue of slavery within the United States.
Slavery was among the factors that initiated the Civil War and after the war; many states stopped the slavery institution. The commercialization of Indian agriculture also partly benefited Indian traders and money lenders who made huge fortunes by working as middlemen for the British.
This regard they acted as conduits delivering the products from peasants to the British company from where it was taken abroad. The commercialization of agriculture was a forced and artificial process for the majority of Indian peasants. It was introduced under coercion of the British and.
Commercialization Of Agriculture During British Era What is Commercialization of Agriculture? Commercialisation of agriculture is a phenomenon where agriculture is governed by commercial consideration i.e.
certain specialised crops began to be grown not for consumption in village but for sale in national and even in international market. Commercialisation of Agriculture: Meaning, Phases and Consequences | Indian Economic History.
Consequences. Commercialisation of Agriculture # Meaning: By commercialisation of agriculture we mean production of agricultural crops for sale in the market, rather than for family consumption.
In the process of commercialization of. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the commercialization of agriculture: 1.
Subject-Matter 2. Causes 3. Process 4. Effects. Commercialisation of Agriculture # Subject-Matter: Till the end of the first half of the 19th century, the Indian village was essentially self-sufficient.
It had hardly any contact with the world outside except for the occasional [ ].Download