The first people to settle in what is now Maryland arrived more than 10, years ago. It appointed officials to run each section and they served as rulers away from home. The town was named after the English king and the colony in honor of the virginity of Elizabeth I.
Early colonial planters relied mainly on indentured servants as laborers, men and women who received free passage across the Atlantic in return for typically four to seven years of service to the planter who paid their fare.
Equally important, successful colonization required a profitable staple commodity, and Virginians found this in tobacco. The lack of food security leading to extremely high mortality rate was quite distressing and cause for despair among the colonists.
The Chesapeake Bay area is thought to have been first explored by Europeans in the early s. These Native Americans groups lived a nomadic lifestyle, hunting and gathering. For much of the seventeenth century the populations of Maryland and Virginia remained predominantly immigrant.
George Calvert did not become a Catholic until adulthood. Slaves were a valuable commodity both for work and for sale in slave markets and so the policy of actively encouraging or forcing slaves to breed developed, especially after the ending of the Atlantic slave trade.
The Virginia Company and later Governor William Berkeley of Virginia attempted to encourage the cultivation of cotton, silkworm, flax, hemp, naval storessugar, rice, rapeseed, and various fruits and spices. Although Claiborne kept up the struggle to retain Kent Island for many years—right up to his death—it eventually became part of Maryland.
From the s, however, the English economy improved and new colonies opened up in New YorkNew Jerseythe Carolinas, and later Pennsylvania and Delaware, so the supply of servants to the Chesapeake declined while their prices increased.
Settlers of western Maryland, like other settlers of the early western frontier of Colonial America, came into conflict with the French and Native Americans.
Though it was not clear in that the colony would last, the foundations of its survival had in fact been laid. Another foundation for colonial survival and prosperity was private property. Amerigo Vespucciworking for Portugal in voyages from toestablished that Columbus had reached a new set of continents.
Alexander Hamilton — was a Scottish-born doctor and writer who lived and worked in Annapolis, Maryland. In England, many people came to question the organization of the Church of England by the end of the 16th century.
From Tobacco to Grain. For example, inbefore European contact, the population of Native Americans in the Chesapeake Bay area was thought to have been around 24, people.
But the land-intensive quality of tobacco also led to a thinly spread population and an absence of towns. Smith departed in following a gunpowder accident, although some historians suspect attempted assassination. The first migrants included thirty-five gentlemen, forty soldiers, a doctor, an Anglican minister, and a number of artisans and laborers.
The first was in May in Chestertown, where colonists raided a tea ship during the day without any disguises. The Chesapeake region offered little economic opportunity to indentured servants who had completed their term of obligation.
The one common link between New England and the Chesapeake was the treatment of the Indians. In the peak period of the s to s up to 1, servants migrated there annually. While Maryland indeed became a safe place for persecuted Catholics to settle, many Protestants and Puritans left other colonies to settle there, as well.
Black African slaves were introduced to substitute for Native American labor in some locations—including the West Indieswhere the indigenous population was nearing extinction on many islands. It was an early attempt to ensure that the state and church were kept separate. Because of its large reliance on labor for tobacco plantations that fueled the economy, the Chesapeake relied on indentured servants to work the land.
Sadly, Pocahontas died at the beginning of the return voyage to Virginia and was buried at Gravesend, Kent. From just 1, souls inthe population rose to 35, in, inand 2.The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Europe.
Chronology of the colonization of North America; Colonial history of the United States; Colonialism; Columbian Exchange; European colonization of the. The history of the 13 American colonies that would become the first 13 states of the United States dates to when Christopher Columbus discovered what he thought was a New World, but was really North America, which along with its indigenous population and culture, had been there all along.
Start studying Davidson US History: Unit 1 Questions. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Compare and contrast England's colonies of the Chesapeake region with its colonies in Massachusetts.
What were their similarities and differences? How did early Spanish outposts in North America. During the s, English immigrants and explorers began settling in the Americas.
They began developing the Chesapeake region, Middle Colonies, and the New England Colonies Out of these three, the New England and the Chesapeake Region were the largest. Transcending the usual Anglocentric version of our colonial past, he recovers the importance of Native American tribes, African slaves, and the rival empires of France, Spain, the Netherlands, and even Russia in the colonization of North America/5().
English Settlements in America. Learning Objectives. Describe the differences between the Chesapeake Bay colonies and the New England colonies; of the first printing press in English America in Four years later, inthey published the first book in North America, the Bay Psalm Book. As Calvinists, Puritans adhered to the.Download